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1) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

How many neutrons and how many protons are present in a single tritium nucleus?

ANSWER: TWO NEUTRONS AND ONE PROTON
1) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

What is the average acceleration in meters/sec2 of a seagull traveling in a straight path from rest to 36 km/hr in 10 sec?

ANSWER: 1 (Solution: 36 km/hr x 1000 m x 1/3600 s = 10 m/s , 10 m/s 10 = 1 m/s2)
2) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

What are the four fundamental forces in nature?

ANSWER: GRAVITY, ELECTROMAGNETISM, STRONG, WEAK
2) Bonus - Physics - Multiple Choice

Which force is defined as either attractive or repulsive and acts via the photon?
W) STRONG
X) WEAK
Y) ELECTROMAGNETISM
Z) GRAVITY

ANSWER: Y) ELECTROMAGNETISM
3) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

What is the name of the Scottish physicist who developed the mathematical description of the theory of light?

ANSWER: (JAMES CLERK) MAXWELL
3) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

A current of 6 amperes flows through a 2 ohm resistor for 30 seconds. How many coulombs of charge have passed through the resistor?

ANSWER: 180 COULOMBS
4) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

In a spherical shell with radius of 2 meters a magnetic field with strength of 2 teslas passes though. What is the net magnetic flux?

ANSWER: 0
4) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

What is the magnitude of the induced current produced as the magnetic field passing through a circle with radius of 2m and resistance of 5 ohms changes from 50 teslas to 25 teslas in 5 seconds to the nearest whole number?

ANSWER: 13 amperes
5) Toss Up - General Science - Short Answer

What scientist and student of Freud devoted a great deal of study to mythology, religion, alchemy, and astronomy, to form his theory of personality?

ANSWER: CARL JUNG (ACCEPT: JUNG)
5) Bonus - General Science - Multiple Choice

Which of the following weighs the least by volume:
W) aluminum
X) brass
Y) copper
Z) steel

ANSWER: W) ALUMINUM
6) Toss Up - Biology - Short Answer

What is the common name for the part of a compound light microscope that functions to converge a light source so that it passes through the specimen:

ANSWER: Condenser
6) Bonus - Biology - Short Answer

Black water fever is a complication of malarial infection. The term black water comes from what oxidized product in the urine of infected individuals?

ANSWER: Hemoglobin (accept: met-hemoglobin)
7) Toss Up - General Science - Short Answer

Identify the tree family that includes among its members the: fink, myrtle, turkey, jacks, laurel, white, live and pin.

ANSWER: OAK (ACCEPT QUERCUS)
7) Bonus - General Science - Multiple Choice

Which of the following vacuum pumps operates by using a very cold surface to trap the gases on the cold surface?
W) Sublimation pump
X) Turbo pump
Y) Cryopump
Z) Diffusion pump

ANSWER: Y-- CRYOPUMP
8) Toss Up - Chemistry - Short Answer

Name all the elements that are liquid at standard temperature and pressure.

ANSWER: Mercury and Bromine
8) Bonus - Chemistry - Short Answer

Among the naturally occurring elements, which is the densest?

ANSWER: Osmium
9) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

Which of the following is not a gauge boson?
W) gluon
X) photon
Y) Z boson
Z) Higgs boson

ANSWER: Z) Higgs boson
9) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

What is the spin number of a gauge boson?

ANSWER: 1
10) Toss Up - Math - Short Answer

What is the sum of the interior angles in a hexagon?

ANSWER: 720 DEGREES
10) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

What is the length of the longest very thin rod that can be placed in a box whose dimensions are 2 inches by 4 inches by 4 inches

ANSWER: 6 INCHES
11) Toss Up - Astronomy - Multiple Choice

The plasma flowing from the sun due to the solar wind meets the earth’s electrical fields in the
W) troposphere.
X) ionosphere.
Y) magnetosphere.
Z) stratosphere.

ANSWER: Y-- MAGNETOSPHERE
11) Bonus - Astronomy - Multiple Choice

The Sun’s corona is
W) hotter than the Sun’s visible surface.
X) cooler than the Sun’s visible surface.
Y) in thermal equilibrium with the Sun’s photosphere.
Z) in thermal equilibrium with the Sun’s Chromosphere.

ANSWER: W-- HOTTER THAN THE SUN’S VISIBLE SURFACE
12) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

If you mix equal amounts of red and blue light, what color is produced?
W) white
X) yellow
Y) magenta
Z) cyan

ANSWER: Y) MAGENTA
12) Bonus - Physics - Multiple Choice

If you mix equal amounts of cyan and yellow paint, what color of paint is produced?
W) white
X) red
Y) blue
Z) green

ANSWER: Z) GREEN
13) Toss Up - Biology - Multiple Choice

Select the incorrect association.
W) cellulose/ polysaccharide
X) glucose/ monosaccharide
Y) glycogen/ monosaccharide
Z) sucrose/ disaccharide

ANSWER: Y) GLYCOGEN/MONOSACCHARIDE
13) Bonus - Biology - Short Answer

Rhodopsin is a pigment found in what photoreceptor of the eye?

ANSWER: ROD
14) Toss Up - Biology - Multiple Choice

Which of the following terms refers to a deficiency of blood flow into a part of the body? Is it:
W) intrafusal
X) ischemia
Y) infarct
Z) none of these

ANSWER: X) ischemia
14) Bonus - Biology - Multiple Choice

Some bacteria in the colon manufacture
W) peptidases
X) vitamin K
Y) trace elements
Z) essential amino acids

ANSWER: X) vitamin K
15) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

In a photoelectric effect experiment, light of a particular frequency is shined onto a metal surface, which releases electrons. Taking which of the following actions would most likely force the metal to produce more electrons per second?
W) Increase the intensity of the light.
X) Decrease the intensity of the light.
Y) Increase the wavelength of the light.
Z) Decrease the wavelength of the light.

ANSWER: W) INCREASE THE INTENSITY OF THE LIGHT.
15) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

Some anisotropic crystals such as that of boron nitride or calcite show a distinctive feature when a light ray is passed through them- the light ray decomposes into two different light rays. Such anisotropic materials, known for having multiple indices of refraction, is best described as

ANSWER: BIREFRINGENCE/BIREFRINGEN
16) Toss Up - Energy - Multiple Choice

The world's largest offshore wind farm at Thanet is located in the North Sea off the coast of what country?
W) France
X) UK
Y) China
Z) Denmark

ANSWER: X) UK
16) Bonus - Energy - Multiple Choice

The Ruhr, a region heavily dependent on its vast coal reserves is located in which of the following countries?
W) France
X) Germany
Y) Poland
Z) Vatican City

ANSWER: X) Germany
17) Toss Up - Math - Short Answer

Which mathematician is famous for his incompleteness theorems which were published in 1931.

ANSWER: KURT GODEL (ACCEPT: GODEL)
17) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

John has a coin that lands heads 80% of the time. What is the expected value of the number of consecutive heads he will flip at the start of throwing the coin.

ANSWER: 4
18) Toss Up - Computer Science - Multiple Choice

In Java, a vector is different from an array in that:
W) it is unordered
X) it has no API to support it
Y) it can store only integers
Z) its size does not need to be explicitly declared

ANSWER: Z) ITS SIZE DOES NOT NEED TO BE EXPLICITLY DECLARED
18) Bonus - Computer Science - Multiple Choice

Which of the following operating systems came first:
W) UNIX
X) Linux
Y) Windows 3.1
Z) OS/2

ANSWER: W) UNIX
19) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

In Rome in 1934, Enrico Fermi bombarded samples of uranium with neutrons. He thought the resulting radioactive products were evidence that he had:
W) fissioned the uranium atoms
X) fused the uranium atoms
Y) created slow neutrons
Z) created elements beyond uranium on the periodic chart

ANSWER: Z) CREATED ELEMENTS BEYOND URANIUM ON THE PERIODIC CHART
19) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

Order the following from the LOWEST to the HIGHEST temperature: water boils, iron melts, ammonia boils, tin melts

ANSWER: AMMONIA BOILS, WATER BOILS, TIN MELTS, IRON MELTS
20) Toss Up - Astronomy - Multiple Choice

The lowest temperature of bluish stars is about:
W) 21,000° F
X) 25,000° F
Y) 36,000° F
Z) 45,000° F

ANSWER: Y) 36,000 ° F
20) Bonus - Astronomy - Short Answer

A red shift of z = 1.0 means the original wavelength has increased by what multiple?

ANSWER: 2 TIMES
21) Toss Up - Chemistry - Multiple Choice

Which of the following molecules can NOT be isolated as an optically pure sample?
W) Valine [V^AL-een]
X) Tartaric acid
Y) Epichlorohydrin [ep-i-klawr-uh-HY-drin] z) 7rans-4-chlorocyclohexanol [klohr-oh-SY-kloh-HEK-suh-nol]

ANSWER: Z) TRANS-4-CHLOROCYCLOHEXANOL
21) Bonus - Chemistry - Short Answer

What two chemists, in 2001, were awarded half the Nobel Prize for their work on asymmetric hydrogenation?

ANSWER: KNOWLES AND NOYORI
22) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

Which of the following is NOT an example of a transverse wave:
W) ocean wave
X) light wave
Y) microwave
Z) sound wave

ANSWER: Z) SOUND WAVE
22) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

What is the following statement most commonly known as: “A body immersed in a fluid is supported by a force equal to the weight of the fluid it displaces.”

ANSWER: ARCHIMEDES’ PRINCIPLE
23) Toss Up - Math - Short Answer

What is the angle formed, in degrees, between the hour and minute hand of an analog clock at 10:30 AM?

ANSWER: 135
23) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

Arrange the following 4 radicals in order of increasing value: `root6(12); root6(63); root3(2); root4(8)`

ANSWER: `root3(2); root6(12); root4(8); root6(63)`
24) Toss Up - Math - Short Answer

What is the slope of a vector in standard position with an angle of 45° below the positive x axis?

ANSWER: -1
24) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

Solve the following equation for x: `2sqrt(x) = x - 15`

ANSWER: x = 25 (DO NOT ACCEPT: x = 9)
25) Toss Up - Chemistry - Multiple Choice

In a high-spin octahedral complex, the number of unpaired electrons in Fe(II) (read: Iron two) will be
W) 0
X) 2
Y) 4
Z) 6

ANSWER: Y) 4
25) Bonus - Chemistry - Short Answer

What is the highest possible oxidation state for palladium?

ANSWER: +4