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1) Toss Up - Math - Multiple Choice

`sin(2A)` is equal to which of the following:
W) `sin(A) - cos(A)`
X) `3sin(A) -: cos(A)`
Y) `2sin(A) xx cos(A)`
Z) `tan(A) - 1`

ANSWER: Y) `2sin(A) xx cos(A)`
1) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

The pendulum of a clock swings through an angle of 1 radian, and the tip sweeps out an arc of 12 inches. How long is the pendulum?

ANSWER: 12 INCHES
2) Toss Up - Chemistry - Short Answer

The formula Vn#NAME?what gas law?

ANSWER: Avogadro’s Law
2) Bonus - Chemistry - Multiple Choice

Zinc is most soluble in which of the following liquids?
W) Water
X) Alchohol
Y) Mercury
Z) Oil

ANSWER: Y) Mercury
3) Toss Up - Astronomy - Multiple Choice

The "Great Dark Spot" is located on
W) Neptune
X) the sun
Y) Jupiter
Z) Saturn

ANSWER: W) Neptune
3) Bonus - Astronomy - Multiple Choice

Saturn radiates almost how much more energy than it absorbs
W) 3 times
X) 2 times
Y) 10 times
Z) 5 times

ANSWER: W) 3 times
4) Toss Up - Biology - Multiple Choice

Bacteria are more likely used to produce which of the following:
W) gelatin
X) wine
Y) pasteurized milk
Z) vinegar

ANSWER: Z) VINEGAR
4) Bonus - Biology - Short Answer

Biologists usually refer to the head of a tapeworm by what name?

ANSWER: SCOLEX
5) Toss Up - Math - Multiple Choice

Unknown to be algebraic or transcendental
W) Rational
X) Algebraic irrational
Y) Transcendental
Z) Impossible to tell

ANSWER: Y
5) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

Let f(x) = axA7 + bxA3 + cx - 5 , where a,b, and c are real numbers. What is the value of f(7) if f(-7) = 8?

ANSWER: -18
6) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

A series of ocean waves, 5.0 meters between crests, moves past at 2 waves per second. What is their velocity?

ANSWER: 10.0 METERS PER SECOND
6) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

If the intensity of a sound is increased by a factor of 100, the new decibel level will be increased by how many units?

ANSWER: TWENTY
7) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

A wooden block suspended by a cable and struck by a bullet. The block swings upward, and it’s maximum height is recorded. This is a description of what device?

ANSWER: BALLISTIC PENDULUM
7) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

A 1.98 kilogram block is suspended by a 3 meter long string. The block is struck by a 20 gram bullet moving at 500 meters per second. The bullet becomes lodged inside the block, which begins its swing at what speed?

ANSWER: 5 METERS PER SECOND
8) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

What type of wave has oscillations parallel to the direction of travel?
W) mechanical
X) electromagnetic
Y) transverse
Z) longitudinal

ANSWER: Z) LONGITUDINAL
8) Bonus - Physics - Multiple Choice

Which of the following is true about electromagnetic waves?
W) they do not require a medium and are always transverse
X) they do not require a medium and are always longitudinal
Y) they require a medium and are always transverse
Z) they require a medium and are always longitudinal

ANSWER: W) THEY DO NOT REQUIRE A MEDIUM AND ARE ALWAYS TRANSVERSE
9) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

By name or number, which of the following three choices are possible constituents of cold dark matter: 1) axions, 2) photinos, 3) quark nuggets?

ANSWER: AXIONS, PHOTINOS, AND QUARK NUGGETS (ACCEPT: 1,2, AND 3 OR ALL)
9) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

What is the wavelength, rounded to the nearest ten meters, for the carrier wave of the AM radio station WDOE 1410?

ANSWER: 210
10) Toss Up - Astronomy - Multiple Choice

The temperature of a star can be estimated most directly from its:
W) distance
X) elemental makeup
Y) color
Z) density

ANSWER: Y) COLOR
10) Bonus - Astronomy - Short Answer

The local group is generally referred to as a collection of what celestial objects?

ANSWER: GALAXIES
11) Toss Up - Astronomy - Multiple Choice

Which of the following planets is NOT known to have any orbiting satellites:
W) Venus
X) Mars
Y) Uranus
Z) Saturn

ANSWER: W) VENUS
11) Bonus - Astronomy - Short Answer

Cassini’s division is associated with what planet?

ANSWER: SATURN
12) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

According to Fourier’s law of heat conduction, if the cross-sectional area of a wire is increased by 50%, the rate of heat transfer in the wire will increase by:
W) 50%
X) 100%
Y) 125%
Z) 300%

ANSWER: Y) 125%
12) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

What is the term for a lens that darkens when exposed to UV radiation, as used in many sunglasses?

ANSWER: PHOTOCHROMIC LEN
13) Toss Up - Biology - Multiple Choice

Which of the following is NOT true:
W) comb jellies or ctenophores (read as: ten-OH-fours) have radial symmetry
X) lobsters have bilateral symmetry
Y) protostomes have no true coeloms (read as: SEE-loams)
Z) flatworms are acoelomates (read as: ah-SEA-low-mates)

ANSWER: Y) PROTOSTOMES HAVE NO TRUE COELOMS
13) Bonus - Biology - Short Answer

Name all of the following 4 choices that are compound fruits: tomato; raspberry; grape; pineapple

ANSWER: RASPBERRY AND PINEAPPLE
14) Toss Up - Earth And Space - Multiple Choice

About how long does it take for the moon to orbit about its axis?
W) 365 days
X) 1 week
Y) 30 days
Z) 24 hours

ANSWER: Y) 30 days
14) Bonus - Earth And Space - Multiple Choice

According to recent theories, which planet collided with the Earth to form the Moon?
W) Gaia
X) Ares
Y) Gamede
Z) Theia

ANSWER: Z) Theia
15) Toss Up - Math - Short Answer

If `f(x, y) = xy + 3xy^2` (read as: f of x, y equals xy plus 3xy squared), what is the partial derivative of f with respect to y?

ANSWER: `x + 6xy`
15) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

Approximate the area under `f(x) = x^2 + 1` from x = 0 to x = 8 using a mid-point Riemann sum with four equal subintervals.

ANSWER: 176
16) Toss Up - Chemistry - Short Answer

How many moles of carbon dioxide are produced from the combustion of 5 moles of hydrogen?

ANSWER: 0
16) Bonus - Chemistry - Multiple Choice

Which of the following is NOT a component of a phospholipid [fos-foh-LIP-id]?
W) Water
X) Glycerol
Y) Fatty acid
Z) Phosphate group

ANSWER: W) WATER
17) Toss Up - Chemistry - Short Answer

What is Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP)?

ANSWER: 0 DEGREES CELSIUS AND 1 ATMOSPHERE (ACCEPT 273 DEGREES KELVIN)
17) Bonus - Chemistry - Multiple Choice

Chemical kinetics is mainly concerned with
W) reaction rate.
X) heat of reaction.
Y) equilibrium.
Z) completeness of reaction.

ANSWER: W-- REACTION RATE
18) Toss Up - Earth Science - Short Answer

In the southern hemisphere, Ekman transport generated by trade winds over the equatorial Pacific Ocean is how many degrees to the left of the prevailing winds?

ANSWER: 90
18) Bonus - Earth Science - Multiple Choice

Which of the following BEST describes an air mass that originates in northern Mexico, moves into the Great Plains and stagnates, resulting in severe drought:
W) continental tropical
X) continental polar
Y) maritime tropical
Z) maritime polar

ANSWER: W) CONTINENTAL TROPICAL
19) Toss Up - Chemistry - Multiple Choice

Recycling code 2 indicates which of the following types of plastic?
W) Polyvinyl chloride
X) Polystyrene (read as: pahl-i-STYR-een)
Y) High-density polyethylene
Z) Polyethylene terephthalate

ANSWER: Y) HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE
19) Bonus - Chemistry - Short Answer

If 4.67 grams of butane reacts with 23.12 grams of molecular oxygen to produce 2.67 grams of carbon dioxide, what is the limiting reactant?

ANSWER: BUTANE
20) Toss Up - Chemistry - Multiple Choice

Which of the following ionic compounds would have the highest melting point:
W) NaF
X) NaCl
Y) CaF2
Z) MgO

ANSWER: Z) MgO (Solution: NaF = 993°C; NaCl = 801; CaF2 = 1423; MgO = 2800°C)
20) Bonus - Chemistry - Short Answer

In a zinc-lead voltaic cell, what is the maximum voltage, to the third decimal place, that can be obtained if the standard reduction potential for the zinc ion is -0.763 volts and for the lead ion is -0.126 volts?

ANSWER: 0.637 (must be positive) (Solution: +0.763 volts + (-0.126 volts) = +0.637 volts)
21) Toss Up - General Science - Multiple Choice

Suppose you measured the voltage of a fully-charged 12-volt battery and you get 3 identical results of 10.45 volts. Which of the following BEST describes your data:
W) precise but not accurate
X) accurate but not precise
Y) both accurate and precise
Z) neither accurate nor precise

ANSWER: W) PRECISE BUT NOT ACCURATE
21) Bonus - General Science - Short Answer

Giving your answer in proper scientific notation, convert 100 millimeters into kilometers:

ANSWER: 1 x 10^-4 (DO NOT ACCEPT 10-4)
22) Toss Up - Computer Science - Short Answer

What is the programming language used to create Web pages?

ANSWER: HTML
22) Bonus - Computer Science - Multiple Choice

Use DeMorgan’s Law to restate not(p and q) (read: not parentheses p and q parentheses closed).
W) (not p) or (not q)
X) (p) or (q)
Y) (p) and (q)
Z) (not p) and (not q)

ANSWER: W-- (NOT P) OR (NOT Q)
23) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

Formally, this is the external work expended per unit of charge to produce an electric potential difference across two open-circuited terminals.

ANSWER: EMF (ELECTROMOTIVE FORCE)
23) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

What unit is used to measure electromotive force in the electrostatic system of measurement?

ANSWER: STATVOLT
24) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

By number, rank from greatest to least the moments of inertia for a golf club rotated about the following axes: 1) through the center of mass and parallel to the long axis of the club; 2) through the end of the handle and perpendicular to the long axis of the club; 3) through the center of mass and perpendicular to the long axis of the club.

ANSWER: 2, 3, 1
24) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

Properly match the type of energy transfer with the following four situations described: A) mechanical work; B) matter transfer; C) electromagnetic radiation; D) mechanical waves; with 1) pushing a box across the floor; 2) listening to music; 3) seeing a bright light bulb; 4) filling a gas tank with fuel.

ANSWER: A = 1 (ACCEPT: MECHANICAL WORK = PUSHING A BOX ACROSS THE FLOOR); B = 4 (ACCEPT: MATTER TRANSFER = FILLING A GAS TANK WITH FUEL); C = 3 (ACCEPT: ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION = SEEING A BRIGHT LIGHT BULB); D = 2 (ACCEPT: MECHANICAL WAVES = LISTENING TO MUSIC)
25) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

Sue and Ben are 5 and 10 meters, respectively, away from a balloon when it pops loudly. Sue's sound pressure meter recorded a level of 80 decibels. What did Ben's identical meter record in decibels to the nearest decibel?

ANSWER: 74
25) Bonus - Physics - Multiple Choice

A current-carrying wire changes diameter from larger to smaller gauge. In which of the following locations would the current be greater?
W) Larger section
X) Smaller section
Y) At the location where the wire changes diameter
Z) It would be the same at all points

ANSWER: Z) IT WOULD BE THE SAME AT ALL POINTS