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1) Toss Up - Earth And Space - Short Answer

What is the intrusive counterpart of basalt?

ANSWER: Gabbro
1) Bonus - Earth And Space - Short Answer

What term describes the striations, found on the faces of a fault, caused by the movement of the fault?

ANSWER: Slickensides
2) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

As a particle’s momentum increases:
W) its wavelength decreases
X) its kinetic energy decreases
Y) its frequency decreases
Z) its frequency stays the same

ANSWER: W) ITS WAVELENGTH DECREASES
2) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

A cylinder partly full of liquid mercury rotates along its axis for a long period of time. What is the shape created by the inner surface of the liquid mercury?

ANSWER: PARABOLOID
3) Toss Up - Earth And Space - Multiple Choice

Which of the following statements about the Moon best describes why we only see one side of the Moon from Earth?
W) It does not rotate
X) It has a side that is always dark
Y) It does not revolve
Z) It has the same period for rotation and revolution

ANSWER: Z) IT HAS THE SAME PERIOD FOR ROTATION AND REVOLUTION
3) Bonus - Earth And Space - Multiple Choice

Which of the following elements CANNOT be a source of fuel in nuclear fusion?
W) Iron
X) Oxygen
Y) Nitrogen
Z) Carbon

ANSWER: W) IRON
4) Toss Up - Earth Science - Multiple Choice

The density of continental crust is about
W) 1.7 g/cm^3
X) 2.7 g/cm^3
Y) 3.7 g/cm^3
Z) 4.7 g/cm^3

ANSWER: X) 2.7 g/cm^3
4) Bonus - Earth Science - Short Answer

Identify, by name or number, all of the following four minerals with planar cleavage:1) Fluorite2) Orthoclase3) Quartz4) Muscovite

ANSWER: 1 only
5) Toss Up - Chemistry - Multiple Choice

An organic compound with the formula C6H14 is an:
W) alkane
X) alkene
Y) alkyne
Z) arene

ANSWER: W) ALKANE (Solution: alkanes = CnH2„+2)
5) Bonus - Chemistry - Multiple Choice

Which of the following gases has the highest effusion rate through a pinhole opening from one compartment to another and at room temperature:
W) argon
X) CO2
Y) SO2
Z) helium

ANSWER: Z) HELIUM
6) Toss Up - Earth And Space - Short Answer

What is a Robonaut?

ANSWER: ROBOTIC ASTRONAUT
6) Bonus - Earth And Space - Short Answer

The Earth’s tilt wobbles over a period of approximately 26,000 years. In 10,000 to 13,000 years, what bright star will the axis point to next?

ANSWER: VEGA
7) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

What is a state of matter in which the matter behaves like a fluid with zero viscosity, where is appears to exhibit the ability to self propel?

ANSWER: A SUPERFLUID
7) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

Who built the first Penning trap, which can store charged particles?

ANSWER: HANS GEORG DEHMEL
8) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

A ball of mass 2.0Kg is thrown vertically into the air with an initial velocity of 12m/s. How high will the ball travel
W) 3.6m
X) 7.2m
Y) 14.4m
Z) 28.8m

ANSWER: X) 7.2M
8) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

A pellet of mass 2.0g is shot at 100.0m/s and gets lodged in a heavy lemon of mass 1.0Kg. How fast will the lemon travel, if initially at rest?

ANSWER: 1/6 M
9) Toss Up - Biology - Multiple Choice

Which botanist is known for her discovery of controlling elements in maize cytogenetics?
W) Jean Dausset
X) Barbara McClintock
Y) Sune Bergstrom
Z) Bert Sakmann

ANSWER: X) BARBARA MCCLINTOCK
9) Bonus - Biology - Multiple Choice

Who discovered the first found fossil of Australopithecus africanus?
W) Raymond Dart
X) Diane Barwick
Y) Colin Groves
Z) Olive Pink

ANSWER: W) RAYMOND DART
10) Toss Up - Biology - Multiple Choice

Nematocysts (read as: NEHM-aht-oh-sists) are typically found in which of the following groups?
W) Cnidarians (read as: ny-DEHR-ee-ahns (NO "C”))
X) Flatworms
Y) Roundworms
Z) Echinoderms (read as: i-KY-noh-dehrms)

ANSWER: W) CNIDARIANS
10) Bonus - Biology - Multiple Choice

Which of the following does not occur in the tertiary structure of a protein?
W) Glycosidic linkages
X) Disulfide bridges
Y) Hydrophobic interactions
Z) Ionic bonds

ANSWER: W) GLYCOSIDIC LINKAGES
11) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

In a light-water reactor, the coolant is ordinary water.
What is the moderator?

ANSWER: WATER or THE SAME WATER
11) Bonus - Physics - Multiple Choice

The function of lubricants is to change
W) fluid friction to sliding friction.
X) fluid friction to rolling friction.
Y) sliding friction to fluid friction.
Z) sliding friction to rolling friction.

ANSWER: Y-- SLIDING FRICTION TO FLUID FRICTION
12) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

In Galileo’s experiments on balls rolling down an inclined plane, he had originally hypothesized:
W) that all objects have inertia
X) that all balls underwent uniform acceleration
Y) the 2nd law of motion
Z) the 3rd law of motion

ANSWER: X) THAT ALL BALLS UNDERWENT UNIFORM ACCELERATION
12) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

What is the centripetal force, in Newtons, that is required to cause a 10 kilogram body to move at 3 meters per second in uniform circular motion with a radius of 10 meters?

ANSWER: 9 NEWTONS (Solution: CF = m v 2 / r = 10 x 32 / 10 = 9 )
13) Toss Up - Energy - Short Answer

Neutrons in fission reactors are categorized based on their origin. What term describes neutrons emitted directly from a fission event, rather than from a subsequent or unrelated decay event?

ANSWER: PROMPT
13) Bonus - Energy - Short Answer

How much heat energy in BTUs is needed to heat 200 pounds of water from 50 degrees to 130 degrees Fahrenheit?

ANSWER: 16,000
14) Toss Up - Biology - Multiple Choice

Which of the following organisms belongs to the Class Diplopoda: (Pron: dip-low-po-dah)
W) millipedes
X) centipedes
Y) grasshoppers
Z) ticks

ANSWER: W) MILLIPEDES
14) Bonus - Biology - Short Answer

What is the most common collective name for the leaf tissue which is immediately interior to the epidermis:

ANSWER: MESOPHYLL (ACCEPT: SPONGY MESOPHYLL OR PALISADE MESOPHYLL)
15) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

If the index of refraction of a material is 2, and light enters the material at an agle of 90º, by what angle does light bend in the medium relative to the normal?
W) 60º
X) 45º
Y) 30º
Z) 15º

ANSWER: Y) 30º
15) Bonus - Physics - Multiple Choice

Which of the following is true of the relationship between current and voltage across capacitors in AC circuits?
W) Voltage leads Current by 90º.
X) Voltage and Current are in phase.
Y) Current leads Voltage by 90º.
Z) Voltage and Current are 180º out of phase.

ANSWER: Y) CURRENT LEADS VOLTAGE BY 90º.
16) Toss Up - Computer Science - Multiple Choice

An operating system designed to support large networks is called
Windows NT. What does NT stand for?
W) Network topology
X) Network technology
Y) New topology
Z) New technology

ANSWER: Z-- NEW TECHNOLOGY
16) Bonus - Computer Science - Multiple Choice

The Macintosh operating system includes an important program, a file manager, which manages the desktop screen icons. This is called
W) a help menu.
X) active assistance.
Y) the Finder.
Z) none of the above

ANSWER: Y-- THE FINDER
17) Toss Up - General Science - Short Answer

Which of the following 5 metals has the lowest electrical conductivity: magnesium; zinc; iron; lead; tin;

ANSWER: LEAD
17) Bonus - General Science - Multiple Choice

A recent discovery of a hominid skeleton in Portugal has fueled a major argument involving Neanderthal and Homo Sapiens because it might challenge the long held belief that:
W) weather caused the Neanderthal’s demise
X) Homo Sapiens outcompeted Neanderthals
Y) disease caused the Neanderthal extinction
Z) Homo Sapiens and Neanderthals did not interbreed

ANSWER: Z) HOMO SAPIENS AND NEANDERTHALS DID NOT INTERBREED
18) Toss Up - Biology - Multiple Choice

Which of the following describes the bonds found in one molecule of water?
W) Hydrogen
X) Nonpolar covalent
Y) Polar covalent
Z) Ionic

ANSWER: Y) POLAR COVALENT
18) Bonus - Biology - Short Answer

Name the stage of translation during which peptide bond formation occurs.

ANSWER: ELONGATION
19) Toss Up - Biology - Short Answer

From the FIRST to the LAST, what are the stages into which interphase is most commonly divided?

ANSWER: G-1; S; G-2 (ACCEPT: GAP ONE, DNA SYNTHESIS, GAP 2)
19) Bonus - Biology - Short Answer

Cells that become quiescent enter G-zero from what stage of the cell cycle?

ANSWER: G-1
20) Toss Up - Math - Multiple Choice

What mathematician proved the existence of a straight edge and compass construction of a regular 17-gon?
W) Euler
X) Euclid
Y) Gauss
Z) Galois [Gal-wah]

ANSWER: Y) Gauss
20) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

Given sinX=1/3 [sine of x equals one third], compute cosA2(3X) [co-sine squared of three x].

ANSWER: -23/27
21) Toss Up - Earth Science - Multiple Choice

Which of the following happens to the shells of snails and limpets as seawater becomes increasingly acidic:
W) they begin to dissolve
X) they become thicker
Y) they develop much later in the organism’s life
Z) they become darker

ANSWER: W) they begin to dissolve
21) Bonus - Earth Science - Multiple Choice

You are flying between Chicago and San Francisco on a commercial jet. The pilot comes on the public address system and announces that the plane's cruising altitude is 40,000 feet. At this altitude are you in the:
W) troposphere
X) stratosphere
Y) ozonosphere
Z) chemosphere

ANSWER: X) stratosphere
22) Toss Up - Chemistry - Multiple Choice

According to the Bronsted-Lowry system, a base is defined as which of the following:
W) electron pair acceptor
X) proton acceptor
Y) proton donor
Z) hydroxide donor

ANSWER: X) PROTON ACCEPTOR
22) Bonus - Chemistry - Short Answer

What is the molecular formula for the conjugate base of the following Br0nsted-Lowry acid: H2CO3

ANSWER: HCO3-
23) Toss Up - General Science - Short Answer

What is the name for chemicals, radiation, and viruses that cause or promote the development of cancer?

ANSWER: CARCINOGENS
23) Bonus - General Science - Short Answer

What is the term for the use of X-rays to photograph a selected plane of the human body with other planes eliminated?

ANSWER: TOMOGRAPHY
24) Toss Up - Biology - Short Answer

Which structural component of the cell cytoskeleton has alpha and beta subunits and is involved with intracellular transport?

ANSWER: Microtubules
24) Bonus - Biology - Short Answer

What are the units of inheritance?

ANSWER: Genes (accept DNA)
25) Toss Up - Computer Science - Multiple Choice

Which broadband internet service requires that the user be within 3 miles of the local telephone provider:
W) DSL
X) ISDN
Y)MMDS
Z) cable

ANSWER: W) DSL
25) Bonus - Computer Science - Multiple Choice

Which of the following is a serial port on a PC:
W) COM 2
X) LPT 1
Y) CON
Z) USB

ANSWER: W) COM 2