##### 1) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

If you mix equal amounts of red and blue light, what color is produced?

W) white

X) yellow

Y) magenta

Z) cyan

**ANSWER:**Y) MAGENTA

##### 1) Bonus - Physics - Multiple Choice

If you mix equal amounts of cyan and yellow paint, what color of paint is produced?

W) white

X) red

Y) blue

Z) green

**ANSWER:**Z) GREEN

##### 2) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

What is the potential energy in Joules of a spring stretched 20 meters from its equilibrium position, if it has a spring constant of 8 N/m?

**ANSWER:**1600 JOULES

##### 2) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

An 8 kg object that is undergoing simple harmonic motion on a spring with spring constant 4 N/m and a maximum displacement of 10 meters travels through its equilibrium position with what speed?

**ANSWER:**5 * SQRT(2) METERS PER SECOND

##### 3) Toss Up - Biology - Multiple Choice

What amino acid is not likely to be found in an alpha helix because its size disrupts the helical structure?

W) Tryptophan

X) Leucine

Y) Glutamic Acid

Z) Serine

**ANSWER:**W) Tryptophan

##### 3) Bonus - Biology - Short Answer

Name all of the following amino acids that are nonpolar: leucine, tyrosine, asparagine, alanine, valine.

**ANSWER:**leucine, alanine, valine

##### 4) Toss Up - Astronomy - Short Answer

What gas makes up most of the atmosphere of Mars?

**ANSWER:**Carbon Dioxide (Accept: Co2)

##### 4) Bonus - Astronomy - Short Answer

Order the following 3 stages from the EARLIEST to the LATEST in the evolution of a G-type star of 2 solar masses: red giant; T-tauri; white dwarf

**ANSWER:**T-Tauri; Red Giant; White Dwarf

##### 5) Toss Up - Earth Science - Short Answer

What is the name of the equatorial region of the Atlantic Ocean that often experiences calms, sudden storms, and light unpredictable winds?

**ANSWER:**doldrums

##### 5) Bonus - Earth Science - Short Answer

Name two of the three broad classes of variable stars.

**ANSWER:**pulsating variables, cataclysmic variables, eclipsing variables (accept any 2 of these 3)

##### 6) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

All leptons have a spin of:

W) 3/2

X) 0

Y) 1/2

Z) 1

**ANSWER:**Y) 1/2

##### 6) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

List 3 baryons

**ANSWER:**ANY THREE OF: PROTON, NEUTRON, LAMBDA, SIGMA, XI, OMEGA

##### 7) Toss Up - Computer Science - Multiple Choice

Which of the following is a binary-type programming
language that the computer can run directly?

W) RAM language

X) Machine language

Y) Parity language

Z) Instruction language

**ANSWER:**X-- MACHINE LANGUAGE

##### 7) Bonus - Computer Science - Multiple Choice

Which of the following is not a type of scanning technology?

W) MICR (spell out)

X) POS

Y) OMR

Z) OCR

**ANSWER:**X-- POS

##### 8) Toss Up - Math - Short Answer

Four consecutive odd integers are added. If the smallest integer is 2m - 1, then what is their sum in terms of m?

**ANSWER:**8m + 8

##### 8) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

Given `(2^x)(3^y)(5^z) = 2700` [2 to the power of x times 3 to the power of y times 5 to the power of z equals 2700], find the product xyz.

**ANSWER:**12

##### 9) Toss Up - Biology - Short Answer

What is the scientific name of the phylum characterized by the presence of jointed appendages?

**ANSWER:**ARTHROPODA (DO NOT ACCEPT: ARTHROPODS)

##### 9) Bonus - Biology - Short Answer

What is the common name for the native annual plant with the following description: It has stems that coil around a support for climbing, the leaves are alternate compound with 3 leaflets, and it has a thin-walled fruit that the Chippewa traditionally used as a food source and digestive aid.

**ANSWER:**HOGPEANUT (ACCEPT: WILD PEANUT) (DO NOT ACCEPT: PEANUT)

##### 10) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

What sound intensity level is equivalent to 1 Watt per square meter?

W) 1 dB

X) 60 dB

Y) 120 dB

Z) 140 dB

**ANSWER:**Y) 120 DB

##### 10) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

What is a mirage in which the image(a lake in the desert for example) is seen under the real object?

**ANSWER:**INFERIOR MIRAGE

##### 11) Toss Up - Biology - Short Answer

The phelloderm, cork cambium, and all the tissues outside the innermost secondary phloem compose what common plant structure?

**ANSWER:**BARK

##### 11) Bonus - Biology - Multiple Choice

Blood belongs to which of the following animal tissues types:

W) epithelial (ep-i-theel-i-al)

X) connective

Y) nervous

Z) muscle

**ANSWER:**X) CONNECTIVE

##### 12) Toss Up - Math - Short Answer

What is the numerical value of `115^2`?

**ANSWER:**13225

##### 12) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

What is the coefficient corresponding to `x^3` in the binomial expansion of `(x + 2)^5` (read as: the quantity x plus 2 to the power of 5)?

**ANSWER:**40

##### 13) Toss Up - Math - Short Answer

Convert `(5\pi)/3` radians into degrees

**ANSWER:**300°

##### 13) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

What are the median, mean and mode of the following set of numbers: 2, 3, 3, 8, 8, 8, 10, 14

**ANSWER:**MEDIAN = 8; MEAN = 7; MODE = 8

##### 14) Toss Up - Earth Science - Multiple Choice

Orthoclase is what number on Moh's hardness scale?

W) 4

X) 5

Y) 6

Z) 7

**ANSWER:**Y) 6

##### 14) Bonus - Earth Science - Multiple Choice

What is the range of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge?

W) from Cuba to the Azores

X) from Iceland to Antarctica

Y) from Cape Hatteras to Gibraltar

Z) from Cape Horn to the Cape of Good Hope

**ANSWER:**X) from Iceland to Antarctica

##### 15) Toss Up - Math - Short Answer

What is the area of an equilateral triangle whose side is 6?

**ANSWER:**`9 * sqrt(3)`

##### 15) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

What is the degree of the following monomial: `-6x^2 y^4 z^3`

**ANSWER:**9

##### 16) Toss Up - Chemistry - Short Answer

Which of the halogens is a liquid at room temperature:

**ANSWER:**BROMINE

##### 16) Bonus - Chemistry - Short Answer

What is the general term for a salt of one of the halogens?

**ANSWER:**HALIDE

##### 17) Toss Up - Computer Science - Short Answer

What does the acronym CGI stand for which defines communications between information servers and resources on the server’s host computer?

**ANSWER:**COMMON GATEWAY INTERFACE

##### 17) Bonus - Computer Science - Multiple Choice

The number of bits required to represent the pixel values for an image is called

W) bitplane

X) pitch

Y) bit-mapped graphic

Z) binary image

**ANSWER:**W) BITPLANE

##### 18) Toss Up - Math - Short Answer

For the function `f(x) = 1/x`, what is `f'(5)`(read as: f prime of 5)?

**ANSWER:**`(-1)/25`

##### 18) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

An object is launched straight up from the ground with an initial velocity of 176 feet per second. What is the height of the object above the ground, in feet, 2 seconds into the flight?

**ANSWER:**288

##### 19) Toss Up - Physics - Short Answer

By name or number, which of the following three choices are possible constituents of cold dark matter: 1) axions, 2) photinos, 3) quark nuggets?

**ANSWER:**AXIONS, PHOTINOS, AND QUARK NUGGETS (ACCEPT: 1,2, AND 3 OR ALL)

##### 19) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

What is the wavelength, rounded to the nearest ten meters, for the carrier wave of the AM radio station WDOE 1410?

**ANSWER:**210

##### 20) Toss Up - Physics - Multiple Choice

A diode bridge is appropriately connected to an AC voltage source. What is the term for the resultant voltage vs. time graph?

W) sine wave

X) square wave

Y) half-wave rectified

Z) full-wave rectified

**ANSWER:**Z) FULL-WAVE RECTIFIED

##### 20) Bonus - Physics - Short Answer

What is the name of the theorem that states that any circuit containing only voltage sources, current sources, and resistors can be reduced to a current source in parallel to a resistor and to a load?

**ANSWER:**NORTON'S THEOREM (ACCEPT NORTON EQUIVALENCY)

##### 21) Toss Up - Math - Short Answer

How many solutions are there for the equation, cosine 4x = `1/2`, for the interval `0 <= x <= 2\pi`?

**ANSWER:**8 (Solution: 4 cycles, 2 solutions per cycle)

##### 21) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

Cards numbered 1 through 10 lie on a table. If two cards are picked at random, without replacement, what is the probability, as a fraction in lowest terms, that the two cards will have values within one of each other?

**ANSWER:**1/5 (Solution: 9/(10 nCr 2) = 9/45 = 1/5)

##### 22) Toss Up - Astronomy - Short Answer

When a star begins to deplete the supply of hydrogen in its core, its outer layer expands and the star is known as a

**ANSWER:**RED GIANT

##### 22) Bonus - Astronomy - Multiple Choice

A Planetary Nebula is

W) A very young star.

X) A cloud of gas and dust where new stars are forming.

Y) An interstellar molecular cloud.

Z) An expanding shell of gas surrounding a dying star.

**ANSWER:**Z-- AN EXPANDING SHELL OF GAS SUR

##### 23) Toss Up - Math - Short Answer

A circle has a radius of 8 centimeters. Find the central angle, in degrees, of a sector of a circle if its arc length is 2pi centimeters:

**ANSWER:**45

##### 23) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

Find the following indefinite integral: `int xe^xdx` (read as: the integral of x times e to the x power, dx)

**ANSWER:**`xe^x - e^x + c`

##### 24) Toss Up - Math - Short Answer

How many permutations consisting of four letters each, starting with the letter E, can be formed from the letters in the word ENERGY?

**ANSWER:**60

##### 24) Bonus - Math - Short Answer

What is the limit as x goes to 0 of `(xsin(3x))/(1 - cos(x))` (read as: the quantity x sine of 3x over the quantity 1 minus cosine of x)?

**ANSWER:**6

##### 25) Toss Up - General Science - Multiple Choice

To remove this parasite that erupts from the skin, victims will wrap the end of the emerging worm around a stick and turn the stick over a period of days to slowly remove the worm:

W) Ascaris

X) guinea worm

Y) hookworm

Z) strongyloid

**ANSWER:**X) GUINEA WORM

##### 25) Bonus - General Science - Short Answer

Name all of the following that are primarily bacterial diseases: diphtheria; herpes zoster; strep throat; rubella; yellow fever

**ANSWER:**DIPHTHERIA; STREP THROAT